Objectives 


Project objective. The main objective of the project is to integrate archaeozoological evidence with archaeologic, archaeobotanic, archaeogenetic data for Roman and Post-Roman settlements, which allows a more comprehensive image of the livestock and diet changes since Iron Age until Byzantine period. Through combined analyses of geometric morphometry and archaeogenetics, the project will answer primarily at the question if Romans have brought in the conquested territory the large cattle (attested in all Roman provinces) or if they achieved only local selections of this species. 
Our interdisciplinary research will address questions concerning the human-animal-landscape interactions in the Roman Period; the data for this period will be integrated in a synchronic and also diachronic context; our data will be compared with those regarding the Iron Age period, and also Byzantine period, in order to investigate the transition phenomena. 
The project takes into account the development of the interdisciplinarity in archaeological research (including archaeozoological, archaeometric, palinologic, archaeogenetic, archaeobotanic, pedologic, GIS analyses), in order to adopt the high standards of quality and scientific performances which will ensure new international collaborations.

Objectives

2017 - Objective 1 (O1). Evaluation of animal resources used in the local alimentation economy.

2017 - Objective 2 (O2). Study of Romanization from an archaeogical perspective.

2017 - Objective 3 (O3). Project's management.

2018 - Objective 4 (O4). Temporal change and regional variability in animal husbandry and diet (from Iron Age-Roman Period to the end of Bizantine period) in the territory between Danube and Black Sea.

2018 - Objective 5 (O5). Setting and tracing the genetic patterns for domestic cattle and sheep/goat in a chronologic, geographic and cultural frame of Europe's Romanization.

2018 - Objective 6 (O6). Morphometric description of some animal species; identifying some animal types.

2018 - Objectiv 7 (O7). Knowledge of vegetation's evolution and evaluations of soils' quality and characteristics in the proximity of studied settlements, evaluation of anthropic impact on paleoenvironment.

2018 - Objective 8 (O8). Project's management.

2019 - Objective 9 (O9). Identifying the consumers' diversity and their characterization within the dynamics of socio-economic complexes developed by ancient human communities. Description of relationships human-animal-environment based on interdisciplinary studies.

2019 - Objective 10 (O10). Corroboration of archaeozoological studies' results with information offered by archaeological and archaeogenetic sources in order to complete the data on animal husbandry.